Buying a laptop is not an easy task, especially with the vast number of options available in the market.

Quick tips when buying a laptop –

Here are some key factors to consider when purchasing a laptop:

  1. Purpose: The first thing you need to consider is the purpose of your laptop. Will you be using it for work, gaming, multimedia consumption, or general browsing? Your answer will determine the type of laptop you need to buy.
    2. Size: Laptops come in different sizes, ranging from 11 inches to 17 inches. A smaller screen size will make your laptop more portable, while a larger screen will offer a better viewing experience.
    3. Processor: The processor is the brain of your laptop, and it determines how fast your computer runs. Intel Core i5 or i7 and AMD Ryzen 5 or 7 are popular options.
    4. RAM: The amount of RAM you need depends on your usage. For general browsing and office work, 8GB RAM is sufficient. For more demanding tasks such as video editing or gaming, 16GB or more RAM is recommended.
    5. Storage: The storage capacity of your laptop depends on your needs. A traditional hard disk drive (HDD) is cheaper but slower. A solid-state drive (SSD) is faster and more reliable but more expensive.
    6. Graphics: If you’re into gaming or video editing, you need a dedicated graphics card for better performance. Integrated graphics are suitable for general use.
    7. Battery life: The battery life of your laptop depends on usage. If you travel frequently, you’ll need a laptop with a longer battery life.
    8. Brand and Support: It’s essential to choose a reputable brand with good customer support, as laptops can sometimes require maintenance or repairs.
    9. Budget: Set a budget before you start shopping for laptops. You can find a good laptop for your needs within your budget.

By considering these factors, you can choose a laptop that meets your needs and suits your budget.

Intel vs AMD processor

Intel and AMD are two of the leading processor manufacturers in the world. Here are some key differences between the two:

  1. Performance: Both Intel and AMD processors offer high performance. However, the performance can vary based on the specific models and the tasks you perform. Intel processors are known for their strong single-core performance, while AMD processors excel in multi-core performance.
    2. Price: AMD processors are generally cheaper than Intel processors. This is because AMD offers more value for the money, with more cores and threads compared to their Intel counterparts.
    3. Power consumption: Intel processors generally consume less power than AMD processors. This makes Intel processors better suited for laptops and mobile devices where battery life is a concern.
    4. Overclocking: AMD processors are generally more overclockable than Intel processors. This means that you can push them to run faster than their rated speeds for better performance.
    5. Compatibility: Intel processors are generally more compatible with a wider range of hardware and software than AMD processors. This is because Intel has been in the market for longer and has had more time to develop a larger ecosystem of hardware and software partners.

Select CPU as per your requirements –

  • Core i3/Ryzen 3: For Browsing, Average Coding and Average Multitask propose.
  • Core i5/Ryzen 5: For everyday multitasking, Heavy Coding, Graphics Design and light gaming.
  • Core i7/Ryzen 7: For power users, gamers, and creatives (Video editing + Graphics Design).
  • Core i9/Ryzen 9: For powerful workstations and professional software.

Overall, both Intel and AMD processors offer high performance and are suitable for different types of users. If you’re on a budget and need more cores and threads, AMD may be a better option. However, if you’re looking for better single-core performance and compatibility, Intel may be a better choice.

Intel and AMD Processors Naming Scheme Guide

Intel U vs. P vs. H vs. G vs. HQ vs. Y vs. F vs. T vs. XE vs. X vs. K

The letters following the Intel processor model numbers indicate the processor’s specific features and performance capabilities.

For Example: Intel i5 11400H and Intel i7 13700K.

Intel Processor Names, Numbers and Generation List

Here is an overview of what each letter means:

Form/Function Type/SegmentSuffixOptimized/Designed For
DesktopKHigh performance, unlocked
FRequires discrete graphics
SSpecial edition
TPower-optimized lifestyle
X/XEHighest performance, unlocked
(Designed for use in gaming and high-performance workstations/Servers.)
LaptopHHigh performance
(Gaming Laptop)
PMedium Performance
ULight Performance & Power efficient
(Offer good battery life)
GGraphics level
(Processors with newer integrated graphics technology)
YFor use in ultra-low-power devices such as tablets and 2-in-1s.
Y processors are low-power and offer good battery life, but are not as powerful as U processors.
KThis letter indicates that the processor is unlocked and can be overclocked for higher performance. K processors are typically used by enthusiasts and gamers who want to push their systems to the limit.

Ryzen X vs. G vs. S vs. GE vs. XT vs. H vs. HS vs. AF

The letters following the Ryzen processor model numbers indicate the processor’s specific features and performance capabilities.

For Example: Ryzen 3 5300G and Ryzen 5 5600H.

AMD Ryzen Naming Scheme Guide

Here is an overview of what each letter means:

SuffixOptimized/Designed For
XThis letter indicates that the processor is a high-end desktop processor that offers the highest level of performance.
GThis letter indicates that the processor has Radeon Vega graphics integrated on the same die as the CPU.
SThis letter indicates that the processor is a low-power processor designed for use in small form factor systems and laptops.
GEThis letter indicates that the processor is a low-power processor with Radeon Vega graphics integrated on the same die as the CPU, designed for use in small form factor systems and laptops.
XTThis letter indicates that the processor is an improved version of the standard X series processor, offering higher clock speeds and better performance.
HThis letter indicates that the processor is designed for use in high-performance laptops and gaming laptops.
HSThis letter indicates that the processor is a low-power processor designed for use in thin and light laptops with improved thermal performance.
AFThis letter indicates that the processor is a variant of the standard Ryzen processor that uses the same Zen 2 architecture as the Ryzen 3000 series, but is manufactured using the same 12nm process as the Ryzen 2000 series. The AF series is intended to offer a lower-cost alternative to the standard Ryzen series while still offering good performance.

DDR3 vs DDR4 (RAM)

DDR3 and DDR4 are two different types of computer memory (RAM) that offer different performance and compatibility features. Here are some key differences between DDR3 and DDR4:

SpeedSlow as compare to DDR4 RAM.Fast
VoltageOperates at a high Voltage & less energy-efficient as compare to DDR4.Operates at a lower voltage & more energy-efficient and can result in longer battery life.
CapacityDDR3 RAM is typically limited to 8GB per module.DDR4 RAM can support up to 16GB per module.
CompatibilityIt’s depend on motherboard.It’s depend on motherboard.
PriceLess expensive as compare to DDR4 RAM.DDR4 RAM is typically more expensive than DDR3 RAM.

In summary, DDR4 RAM is faster, more energy-efficient, and has a higher maximum capacity than DDR3 RAM. However, it is not backwards compatible with DDR3 slots and is typically more expensive. If your computer supports DDR4 RAM, it is recommended to go with DDR4 RAM for better performance and efficiency. If your computer only supports DDR3 RAM, DDR3 RAM is still a viable option, but it may not offer the same performance benefits as DDR4 RAM.

HDD vs SSD vs NVMe vs M.2

HDD, SSD, NVMe, and M.2 are all types of storage devices that can be used in laptops and desktops. Here are some key differences between these storage options:

Hard Disk Drive
Solid State Drive
Non-Volatile Memory Express (NVMe M.2)
HDD is a traditional storage device that uses magnetic spinning disks to store data. They are typically cheaper than SSDs and offer larger storage capacities, but they are slower and less durable.SSD is a newer type of storage device that uses flash memory to store data. They are faster, more durable, and quieter than HDDs. SSDs are more expensive than HDDs but offer better performance and reliability.NVMe M.2 is a typically smaller and high-speed interface protocol designed specifically for SSDs. It allows for faster data transfer speeds and lower latency than traditional SATA connections.

In summary, if you’re looking for a large storage capacity and don’t mind sacrificing speed, an HDD may be a good choice. If you want faster performance and reliability, an SSD is a better option. NVMe M.2 offer even faster data transfer speeds than traditional SATA SSDs, making them suitable for demanding tasks such as video editing or gaming.

Windows OS vs macOS vs Chrome OS

Windows, macOS, and Chrome OS are three popular operating systems that are used in desktops, laptops, and tablets. Here are some key differences between them:

  1. Windows: Windows is a widely-used operating system that is compatible with a wide range of software and hardware. It offers a familiar interface that is easy to use and navigate, and has a large community of users and developers. Windows is commonly used for productivity, gaming, and general computing.
  2. macOS: macOS is the operating system used on Apple’s Mac computers. It is known for its sleek design, user-friendly interface, and integration with Apple’s hardware and software. macOS is commonly used for design, video editing, music production, and general computing.
  3. Chrome OS: Chrome OS is a lightweight operating system designed by Google that is focused on cloud computing and web applications. It is primarily used on Chromebooks, which are low-cost laptops that are designed for web browsing and basic productivity tasks. Chrome OS is easy to use and maintain, but is limited in its software compatibility.

In summary, Windows is a versatile operating system that is suitable for a wide range of uses and has a large community of users and developers. macOS offers a sleek design and is popular among creative professionals. Chrome OS is a lightweight and easy-to-use operating system that is focused on web applications and cloud computing. The choice between these operating systems will depend on your specific needs and preferences.

Integrated vs Discrete GPUs

Integrated and discrete GPUs are two types of graphics processing units that can be found in laptops and desktops. Here are some key differences between integrated and discrete GPUs:

  • Integrated GPU: An integrated GPU (iGPU) is a graphics processor that is built into the computer’s CPU. iGPUs are typically less powerful than discrete GPUs, but they are more energy-efficient and require less space. They are suitable for basic tasks such as web browsing, video playback, and office applications.
  • Discrete GPU: A discrete GPU (dGPU) is a separate graphics card that is installed in the computer’s motherboard. dGPUs are typically more powerful than iGPUs and are designed for demanding tasks such as gaming, video editing, and 3D rendering. They require more power and space than iGPUs, and are generally more expensive.
  1. Performance: Discrete GPUs offer significantly better performance than integrated GPUs, especially when it comes to demanding tasks such as gaming and video editing. Integrated GPUs are suitable for basic tasks, but may struggle with more demanding applications.
  2. Power consumption: Integrated GPUs are more energy-efficient than discrete GPUs, as they are built into the CPU and require less power to operate. Discrete GPUs require more power, and can drain a laptop’s battery more quickly.
  3. Upgradeability: Discrete GPUs can be upgraded or replaced, which allows for improved performance over time. Integrated GPUs cannot be upgraded or replaced, so users are stuck with the performance of their CPU.

In summary, integrated GPUs are suitable for basic tasks and are more energy-efficient, while discrete GPUs offer better performance for demanding applications but are generally more expensive and require more power. The choice between an integrated and discrete GPU will depend on your specific needs and budget.

How to take care of laptop?

Taking care of your laptop is important to ensure it lasts longer and performs well. Here are some tips to help you take care of your laptop:

  1. Keep it clean: Regularly clean your laptop with a soft, dry cloth to remove dust, dirt, and smudges. Avoid using harsh chemicals or rough cloths that could scratch the surface.
    2. Use a laptop case or bag: When you’re not using your laptop, store it in a laptop case or bag to protect it from dust, scratches, and other damage.
    3. Don’t expose it to extreme temperatures: Avoid exposing your laptop to extreme temperatures, such as direct sunlight or cold temperatures. This can cause damage to the battery and other components.
    4. Use a surge protector: Use a surge protector to protect your laptop from power surges that can damage its components.
    5. Avoid eating or drinking near your laptop: Spills can cause permanent damage to your laptop, so avoid eating or drinking near it.
    6. Use a cooling pad: If you use your laptop for extended periods of time, use a cooling pad to prevent overheating. Overheating can cause damage to the components and reduce performance.
    7. Update software and drivers: Regularly update your laptop’s software and drivers to ensure it runs smoothly and is protected against security threats.
    8. Back up your data: Regularly back up your important data to an external hard drive or cloud storage to prevent data loss in case of a system failure or damage.

By following these tips, you can ensure that your laptop stays in good condition and performs well for years to come.

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